Modern principles of atherogenic dyslipidemia management in special groups of patients

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Abstract


Aim. To provide modern view on atherogenic disorders in the blood lipid spectrum, the principles of lipid-lowering therapy prescription in certain groups of patients, the safety issues of statin therapy in patients with chronic liver diseases.

Materials and methods. The data of 55 scientific sources published in the Russian and foreign press in 1988–2020 were analyzed.

Results. It is known that atherogenic dyslipidemia is a key factor in pathogenesis of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. Various disorders in blood lipids and lipoproteins are identified. In this regard, there are certain recommendations for the analysis of lipids and lipoproteins in certain situations. The issues of interpreting extreme deviations from normal values of the blood lipid spectrum are discussed. Patient groups with different levels of the cardiovascular risk, which determines prescription of lipid-lowering therapy, are presented. Statins are the first line of lipid-lowering therapy for both the correction of dyslipidemia and the prevention of cardiovascular complications. The article discusses the tactics of prescribing statins in special groups of patients, their safety issues. It considers promising ways for increasing statins tolerability in patients with chronic liver diseases, primarily with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, by adding of combined hepatoprotector.

Conclusions. Generally, modern tactics of statins prescription are based on dyslipidemia characteristics and the patient’s cardiovascular risk level. Moreover, statins are clinically effective in special patient groups and have a good tolerability profile.


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About the authors

Marina G. Bubnova

National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine

Author for correspondence.
Email: mbubnova@gnicpm.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2250-5942
SPIN-code: 6733-1430

Russian Federation, Moscow

D. Sci. (Med.), Prof., National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine

Lev E. Parnes

Zhadkevich City Clinical Hospital

Email: mbubnova@gnicpm.ru

Russian Federation, Moscow

doctor, Zhadkevich City Clinical Hospital

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