Influence of type A behavioral activity on the development of cardiovascular disease

Abstract


Aim. To study the influence of type of behavioral activity on the development of cardiovascular diseases, to evaluate the effect of type of behavior on the frequency of repeated hospitalizations and fatal outcomes after acute coronary syndrome. Materials and methods. The study included 100 patients with acute coronary syndrome who were subsequently divided into groups according to the main disease - acute myocardial infarction and unstable angina. The median age was 62.09±5.46 years, the therapy according to the underlying disease. All patients had anamnesis of previous and concomitant diseases, anthropometric measurements, physical examination, and observation during the next 24 months after inclusion in the study. In dynamics he carried out daily monitoring of electrocardiogramm, daily monitoring of blood pressure, echocardiography. Diagnosis of types of behavioral activity was carried out using the test method "type of behavioral activity" developed on the basis of the questionnaire Jenkins Activity Survey, published in 1974 by C. Jenkins, the Russian-language adaptation was performed in NIPNI Bekhtereva (L.I. Wasserman, N.V. Gumenyuk). Results. In patients with behavioral activity type A more frequent occurrence of diseases such as angina, hypertension, acute myocardial infarction, acute violation of cerebral circulation, type 2 diabetes than in persons with behavior type AB and B. Repeated hospitalizations for unstable blood pressure and unstable angina on the background of standard therapy in patients with type a behavior occur more often than in patients with type AB and B.

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About the authors

Anatoly I. Martynov

Yevdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry

Moscow, Russia
Acad. RAS, D. Sci. (Med.), Prof.

Evgeniya V. Akatova

Yevdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry

Moscow, Russia
D. Sci. (Med.), Prof.

Elena I. Pervichko

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Moscow, Russia
D. Sci. (Psychol.)

Olesya P. Nikolin

Yevdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry

Moscow, Russia
Assoc. Prof.

Inna V. Urlaeva

Yevdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry; City Clinical Hospital №40

Email: md.urlaeva@yandex.ru
Moscow, Russia
Аssistant

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